世界4大爵士音樂節有：荷蘭的北海爵士音樂節、瑞士的蒙特勒爵士音樂節、加拿大的蒙特婁爵士音樂節、美國的新港爵士音樂節。數最長壽的，是Montreux Jazz Festival，是每年在瑞士和世界各地舉辦的大型爵士音樂節，已經超過40年曆史。創始人克勞德•諾布斯（Claude Nobs）出生在瑞士風景如畫的小城蒙特勒，是很多文人墨客的靈感之源。法國著名作家雨果、俄國作曲家柴可夫斯基等名人都曾來此小住。
There are 4 major jazz festival in the world, they are The North Sea Jazz Festival (Netherlands), Montreux Jazz Festival (Switzerland), Le Festival International de Jazz de Montréal (Canada) and Newport Jazz Festival (USA). Amongst the four festivals, Montreux Jazz Festival is the oldest one (more than 40 years old) who hosts grand Jazz festivals in Switzerland and worldwide each year. Claude Nobs, the founder of the Montreux Festival, was born in the picturesque town, Montreux. This place was the origin of inspiration for lots of renowned scholars, even French novelist Victor Hugo and Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky lived for a short period of time at that beautiful place.
克勞德本來是烹飪學徒，之後轉行到蒙特勒旅遊局工作。上世紀五六十年代的美國正是爵士樂興起的黃金時代，他出差紐約時改變了他的人生，也改變了蒙特勒的命運。在黑人民權運動的推動下， 黑人爵士樂開始給重視。 Miles Davis、Charlie Parker等爵士樂手可以堂堂正正的在白人的酒吧演出。他們嚴肅的音樂創作贏得社會的尊重。爵士樂的即興創作正從娛樂走向藝術 。諾布斯強烈地感受到爵士樂蓬勃的活力。他結識了大西洋唱片的總裁Nesuhi Ertegün和一些爵士樂歌手，醞釀著一個大同世界夢，將這種充滿活力的音樂引入歐洲，讓更多人分享這種自由的音樂，成為世界的共同語言。
Before working for the tourism in Montreux, Claude Nobs was originally a culinary apprentice. The 1950s and 1960s were the golden age of Jazz music in America, a New York trip of Claude was an important moment to change his life and the fate of Montreux. Jazz music was started to be valued since the happen of African-American Civil Rights Movement. The Jazz singers such like Miles Davis, Charlie Parker can perform at the Caucasian’s bar, and their strict yet innovative music gained huge respect from the society. The improvisation of Jazz brought entertainment into art, its flourishing vibe influences Nobs strongly, who met the CEO of Atlantic Records, Nesuhi Ertegün and some Jaz singers. Later these people formed a big dream that wants to influence the whole world, they transferred this energetic music into Europe, in order to allow more people to share this free-spirited music and to become a common language to the world.
結果1967年的夏天，他舉辦了第一屆蒙特勒爵士音樂節，表演嘉賓是美國爵士樂當紅明星Charles Lloyd, Keith Jarrett, Ron McLure 和 Jack DeJohnette；只有短短三天的音樂節非常成功。
Until the summer in 1967, he hosted the first time ever Montreux Jazz Festival, which invited well-famed Charles Lloyd, Keith Jarrett, Ron McLure and Jack DeJohnette to be the performers. The show only lasted for three days but it was extremely successful.
看Montreux是一個大開耳界眼界的體驗。你不要以為一定是只包羅了頂尖的殿堂爵士紅人，其實他們有很多試驗性的表演，比如今年在東京的Montreux,你會看到只有14歲的爵士神童 - Joey Alexander。他出生在印尼，6歲在家裡因為一直聽父母的Jazz CD，自己學會了Jazz Piano，連他自己也覺得這技能是天賜的禮物，11歲已經出專輯了。
Montreux is truly an eye opener, it does not only invite the top-tier jazz singers, instead it embodies many experimental performances, for example, a 14years old genius Joey Alexander will perform in Montreux Tokyo this year, This Indonesian born kid has had a profound music background since childhood—Joey has always listened his parents’ Jazz CD since 6 years old, which enabled him to self-learn Jazz piano surprisingly. Even this young boy believed it is a gift from God, and he launched his album at 11.
還有Matthew Herbert’s Brexit Big Band。他的演出都是充滿驚喜，頭5分鐘已經令你有愛恨分明的感受，但卻勾起你的好奇心。到底這本來是音效專家的Matthew這次聯同日本本土的音樂精英要搞什麼鬼？
An honourable mention to Matthew Herbert's Brexit Big Band. His performance is full of surprise, especially the first 5 minutes gives you love hate emotion and evokes your curiosity. Matthew is also a sound effect specialist, how is he going to create the funky music with the local elite musicians?
Montreux Jazz Festival:
3-5 November 2017